On December 8, 2014, the City of Lafayette adopted Ordinance 626, regulating “Single-Use Carryout Bags” and “Food Packaging Recycling”. The regulations require that all bags provided by retail establishments or public eating establishments for the purpose of carrying away goods from the point of sale be recycled paper carryout bags or reusable bags, beginning on July 1, 2015. The regulations also require select businesses to charge for checkout bags (compostable bags, recycled paper bags, or reusable bags) that they provide. Customers can avoid the charge by bringing their own bag.
Summary of Regulations
- Become effective July 1, 2015
- Prohibit all single-use carryout plastic bags
- Require a $0.10 minimum charge per bag at select businesses
- Allow businesses to keep the charge to offset the increased cost of recycled paper carryout bags
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the purpose of Lafayette's "Single-Use Carryout Bag" regulations?
The purpose of the regulations is to reduce the impact of disposable bags on the City and the environment. A charge per bag has been shown to reduce the number of disposable bags used.
This ordinance will reduce litter and waste, reduce contamination in recycling and composting programs, and improve water quality by reducing pollution. More than 100 other communities in California are covered by similar laws.
What types of businesses does the ordinance apply to?
This ordinance applies to all retail establishments and public eating establishments.
Are businesses required to charge?
Select businesses are required to charge a minimum charge of $0.10 per checkout bag (compostable bags, recycled paper bags, or reusable bags) that they provide to the customer. A business may choose to charge more for carryout bags they provide. Businesses that must impose the charge include:
- Grocery Stores & Markets (Chow, Diablo Foods, Open Sesame, Safeway, Trader Joes, Whole Foods)
- Pharmacies (CVS, Walgreen's Pharmacy)
- Convenience Stores (7-11, Kwik Stop, Gas Stations)
- Liquor Stores (Jackson's Wines & Spirits, Wine Thieves)
What are the requirements for public eating establishments?
Starting on July 1, 2015, all public eating establishments (such as restaurants, delicatessens, cafeterias and food trucks) cannot distribute single-use plastic checkout bags to customers for their take-out food for delivery or pick-up. Customers can opt for no bag, paper bags may be provided to customer at no charge, and reusable bags can be used at the discretion of customer and restaurant. Individual paper or plastic product bags without handles may be used around containers of soups or stews to prevent spilling. Additionally, eating establishments are prohibited from utilizing Styrofoam and are required to utilize food and beverage containers that are readily compostable or recyclable.
How can customers avoid the charge?
Customers can avoid the charge by bringing their own bag or refusing a bag when they make a small purchase that is easy to carry without a bag.
Where does the $0.10 charge go?
Businesses may retain the entire checkout bag charge in order to help offset the cost of compliant bags.
How will the regulations be monitored?
The City’s Code Enforcement Officer or designated representative has the right to enter the business during normal business hours to make reasonable inspections to ascertain compliance. Enforcement is typically handled on a complaint-basis only.
What happens to businesses that don’t comply?
The City will focus primarily on education and helping businesses comply. For those who are persistently out of compliance, a warning can be issued, and fines can be levied.
What type of bags can businesses use? Where can businesses buy compliant bags?
Compliant checkout bags include:
- Compostable plastic bags labeled with a certification logo
- Paper bags labeled with 40% post-consumer recycled content
- Reusable checkout bags designed for at least 125 uses and are washable
What use of bags do the regulations not apply to?
The regulations do not apply to the following:
- Bags integrated into the packaging of the product.
- Bags without handles used exclusively to carry produce, meats, or other food items to the point of sale inside a retail establishment or to prevent such food items from coming into direct contact with other purchased items.
- Bags used to hold prescription medication dispensed from a pharmacy.
- Bags used to segregate food or merchandise that could damage or contaminate other food or merchandise when placed together (examples include small paper bag for greeting cards, paper bags to protect glass bottles, plastic bags around ice cream or other wet items, paper bags used to weigh candy, etc.).
How does the State Referendum impact the local regulations?
The California Plastic Bag Ban Referendum qualified for the November 8, 2016 ballot in California as a veto referendum. If the measure is approved by the State's voters, it would:
- Ratify California Senate Bill 270 (2014).
- Prohibit large grocery stores, pharmacies, small grocery stores, convenience stores, and liquor stores from providing plastic single-use carryout bags.
- Allow single-use plastic bags for meat, bread, produce, bulk food and perishable items.
- Mandate certain stores to charge $0.10 for recycled, compostable, and reusable grocery bags.
- Provide $2 million to state plastic bag manufacturers for the purpose of helping them retain jobs and transition to making thicker, multi-use, recycled plastic bags.
This measure is a veto referendum; this means that a "yes" vote would be a vote to uphold or ratify the contested legislation - Senate Bill 270 - that was enacted by the California State Legislature, while a "no" vote is a vote to overturn Senate Bill 270.
Senate Bill 270 was stayed as soon as the referendum petitions were filed and the qualifying of the referendum continues that stay until voters act. Since the City adopted local regulations, the outcome of the Referendum will not pose a direct impact on Lafayette. Should Senate Bill 270 be upheld, the Bill specifically provides that any amendment to an ordinance adopted after January 1, 2015 shall not be enforced or otherwise implemented.
What resources is the City providing to retailers and shoppers?
The City of Lafayette and the Chamber of Commerce prepared a free retailer tool kit, including a poster, flyer, and postcard, which may be downloaded by businesses.
Please contact the Planner-On-Duty at (925) 284-1976, if you have additional questions.